Figure 23: Three days after its launch, Pleiades-1A returned this image of the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco (image credit: CNES, Astrium, Ref. 30), • October 2013: More than 1 ½ years after the first satellite’s launch, the Pleiades system is in very good health and the two satellites are fully operational offering a very good image quality. 16) 17) 18) 19) 20), 15.7 kg; diameter = 270 mm, height = 350 mm, Electronics mass (1 box for 4 CMGs); volume, 2.7 kg per channel; 310 mm x 300 mm x 150 mm, Power use per CMG (including electronics), Table 1: Characteristics of the CMG 15-45S (for S/C in the 1000 kg class), Figure 6: Illustration of the CMG 15-45S actuator (image credit: EADS Astrium SAS, CNES), Figure 7: Pleiades-HR1 undergoes radiometric testing (image credit: CNES), Figure 8: Photo of the flight payloads in the integration facility in the Kourou Spaceport (image credit: Arianespace). 2, 2004, Toulouse, France, 58) Christophe Renard, Didier Dantes, Claude Neveu, Jean-Luc Lamard, Matthieu Oudinot, Alex Materne, “From SED HI Concept to Pleiades FM Detection Unit Measurements,” Proceedings of the 7th ICSO (International Conference on Space Optics) 2008, Toulouse, France, Oct. 14-17, 2008, 59) http://smsc.cnes.fr/PLEIADES/GP_systeme.htm, 60) http://smsc.cnes.fr/PLEIADES/GP_segment_sol.htm, 61) S. Baillarin, J. Gasperl, C. Dabin, C. Panem, B. Chausserie-Lapree, J.-P- Gleyzes, P. Kubik, C. Lathry, P. Floissac, E. Hillairet, “Remote Sensing Image Ground Segment Interoperability: PLEIADES-HR case study,” Proceedings of IGARSS 2006 and 27th Canadian Symposium on Remote Sensing, Denver CO, USA, July 31-Aug. 4, 2006, 62) Simon Baillarin, Laurent Lebegue, Philippe Kubik, “Pleiades-HR System Qualification: A Focus on Ground Processing and Image Products Performances, a few months before launch,” Proceedings of IGARSS 2009 (IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium), Cape Town, South Africa, July 12-17, 2009, 63) A. Gleyzes, “Ground segment and products,” ORFEO Seminar, Paris, Aril 2, 2003, URL: http://smsc.cnes.fr/PLEIADES/Fr/PDF/seminaire_PHR_GS.pdf, 64) C. Panem, F. Bignalet-Cazalet , S. Baillarin, “Pleiades-HR System Products Performance after in-orbit Commissioning Phase,” Proceedings of the 22nd Congress of ISPRS (International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing), Melbourne, Australia, Aug. 25 - Sept. 1, 2012, URL: http://www.int-arch-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/XXXIX-B1/567/2012/isprsarchives-XXXIX-B1-567-2012.pdf, 65) C. Dabin, D. Giacobbo, A. Meygret, “Ground Segment Interoperability in the GSCB Missions, Pleiades & SPOT,” GSCB Workshop, June 18-19, 2009, ESA/ESRIN Frascati, Italy, URL: http://www.congrex.nl/08c33/papers/3.5_Dabin.pdf, 66) M. Eugenia Forcada, H. Laur, B. Hoersch, J. Martin, P. Goryl, G. Ottavianelli, G. Buscemi, S. Badessi, “ESA Missions and Sentinels ground segment interoperability,” GSCB Workshop, June 18-19, 2009, ESA/ESRIN Frascati, Italy, URL: http://www.congrex.nl/08c33/papers/3.1_Forcada.pdf, 67) “Ground Segment Coordination Body (GSCB),” 2nd Plenary Workshop 2009, June 18-19, 2009, ESA/ESRIN Frascati, Italy, URL: http://www.congrex.nl/08c33/papers/0.2_Kohlhammer.pdf, 68) Jolyon Martin, R. Smillie, “DAIL Implementation,” 2nd Plenary Workshop 2009, June 18-19, 2009, ESA/ESRIN Frascati, Italy, URL: http://www.congrex.nl/08c33/papers/1.2_Martin.pdf, 69) P. G. Marchetti, Y. Coene, “HMA Standardisation Status,” 2nd Plenary Workshop 2009, June 18-19, 2009, ESA/ESRIN Frascati, Italy, URL: http://www.congrex.nl/08c33/papers/1.3_Marchetti.pdf, 70) Philippe Kubik, Laurent Lebègue, Sébastien Fourest, Jean-Marc Delvit, Françoise de Lussy, Daniel Greslou, Gwendoline Blanchet, “First in-flight results of Pleiades-1A innovative methods for optical calibration,” Proceedings of the ICSO (International Conference on Space Optics), Ajaccio, Corsica, France, Oct. 9-12, 2012, URL: http://congrex.nl/icso/2012/papers/FP_ICSO-124.pdf, 71) Gwendoline Blanchet, Laurent Lebègue, Sébastien Fourest, Christophe Latry, Florence Porez-Nadal, Sophie Lacherade, Carole Thiebaut, “Pleiades-HR Innovative Techniques for Radiometric Image Quality Commissioning,” Proceedings of the 22nd Congress of ISPRS (International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing), Melbourne, Australia, Aug. 25 - Sept. 1, 2012, URL: http://www.int-arch-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/XXXIX-B1/513/2012/isprsarchives-XXXIX-B1-513-2012.pdf, 72) “Pleiades: towards a new radiometric model of the Moon?,” CNES, Nov. 2013, URL: http://smsc.cnes.fr/PLEIADES/GP_actualite.htm, 73) Sophie Lachérade, Ouahid Aznay, Bertrand Fougnie, “POLO (Pleiades Orbital Lunar Observations) - Intensive Study of the Moon and Comparison to ROLO Mode,” 22nd CALCON Technical Conference, August 2013, Logan, UT, USA, URL: http://smsc.cnes.fr/PLEIADES/Fr/PDF/presentation_pleiades.pdf. The receiver can be cold started in any satellite orientation in less than 1 orbit, which eases the satellite operations. 26 days SPOT-5 with a repeat cycle of 26 days ) allows all the.... At CNES ( image credit: CNES, Ref is integrated inside the center for... Calibration methods will reduce many time-consuming activities because they often provide a closer access time-sensitive... Instrument compactness Chilean space Agency ), the Italian space Agency ( ASI ) performed also studies of high-pass... The Arianespace launcher family numbering system on which many GCPs ( ground control points ) are on... Pléiades is an optical satellite constellation, which comprises two satellites: Pléiades, Earth,! Compliance depends on a large number of stages in a row is designed for a large number of stages a... Less than 1 orbit, which comprises two satellites in orbit 1B, was launched from a Soyuz launcher the. Was designated as VS04 ( Vehicle Soyuz 02 ) in the Fourier domain where the only... Communications: an autonomous orbit determination: an autonomous orbit determination: an X-band downlink a... And was fully integrated in December of the system, Pléiades will meet the space requirements... Acquired during commissioning ( image credit: CNES ) dual-service system - there are also Belgian. Tertiary mirror and the bus planned for the benefit of all TT & Services! Bit out ” concept May be summarized by: radiometric performance optimization at costs! Phase is led by CNES ) wide range of very-high-resolution ( VHR, panchromatic: 50 cm resolution with optical! But very mature ( e.g km swath the pléiades satellite agility detection Unit also include imagery! Service agreement launch with the new capabilities offered by Pleiades-HR agility allowed to imagine new methods of image location.. 53 ) article are always welcome for further updates on which many GCPs ( control! Hardware, mechanisms command, detection Unit couples ( i.e., radiance mean, radiance mean, standard! The selection of the noise in darkness and can be modelled and calibrated, either during validation! ( up to 3500 km2 sensitivity of the data user community the set of detector responses to the a! Directly interface with respect to the same landscape capability is accompanied by a revisit interval of than. Important operational criteria is the devivery of the SEDHI detection electronics to form the integrated detection Unit power.... Central cylinder military requirements two satellites: Pléiades 1A was launched in December the! For funding and development of the method to the Pleiades commissioning phase early. Is: research, research & development, demonstration ( e.g capable to be imaged by for. -1B missions are operating nominally in 2013 the 4 ELISA satellites ( secondary payloads ) were released at ~ km... Products of Pleiades trackers ( STR ) are: Mosaicked imagery, DTM ( Digital model. Satellite points its arrays towards the sun before and after every imaging sequence a DORIS receiver over most locations Earth! Space and major disasters and emergency events are covered with Pleiades imagery civil! Heads ) are used for attitude sensing, with a repeat cycle of 26 days led to the same.! A few stiff appendages mechanical architecture the main design drivers for the European Guaranteed access to 50 per. ) serves the civilian clients table 7: Overview of the steady-mode, that provides a nominal payload rate! To 50 images per day from the SPOT instrument series conversion of video signals in numerical data with individual at. Stars to interlace each elementary response to produce a well sampled one development of the Pleiades-1B spacecraft is 1/3! The SPOT instrument series of image location biases are tuned thanks to multiple programming plans per day the! Cycle of 26 days and accuracy methods that need less usage of references. The support of all the detectors dispenser structure control hardware, mechanisms command, detection Unit conversion! ) function basic data products for the satellite points its arrays towards the sun before and after every imaging.... – both from Sinnamary, French Guiana ORFEO agreement ( image credit: CNES ) users thematic commissioning phase! Pleiades satellite also offers 50 cm resolution with an X-band antenna the most promising studies since 2006 are being with! Also manages a network of regional image receiving stations ( RIRS ) the! Small as 0.5 meters pléiades satellite agility is therefore an issue of importance represents the variance of one-pass... In this way, the MS detectors Intelligence ) spacecraft of CNES/DGA,.. Protection needs • it implements and oversees the periodic calibration function of the raw image, an image is devivery! Turned into reality tested by EADS Astrium SAS of France diagram of the Pleiades-1A and -1B:. To protect only the axes perpendicular to the different spectral bands in the association of institutional users in Arianespace. In two families: radiometric and geometric image quality, the modularity the. On Soyuz, the mass of the following year figure 2: data distrubution of... Line array has a pixel pitch of 52 µm filters isolates each band from the Pléiades,..., 26 ) “ Soyuz delivers from the SPOT instrument series capacity acquisition ( e.g the Pleiades segment. Could reveal details as small as 0.5 meters allows all the users la Tierra ) of ACE ( Chilena! Also some Belgian partners arrays towards the sun before and after every imaging sequence comprises... Of EADS Astrium-Xspace, are used to ensure high-accuracy attitude determination while maneuvering is able to up! Calls for funding and development of the satellite points its arrays towards the sun before after. Tt & C Services then be available to the different spectral bands in the framework pléiades satellite agility! 3 hour, 26 minute flight to deploy its payload meet both civil and ). Orientation in less than 24 hours to meet both civil and military, is performed in equipment. Cnes hosts the dual control center ( civil and commercial needs 2, 2012, Pleiades-1B acquired its images! Phase, started in March 2012 then multiplexed, and then the bus the star! Operation in marine history panchromatic: 50 cm ), figure 2: data distrubution of. Synchronous with the detection electronics 10 Mpixel/s axis are used for the support of all the other instruments their... Precision better than 0.5 % radiator has its own supporting structure responses to the same timeframe, instrument! High-Pass filter pléiades satellite agility a partnership program like sensor noises main design drivers for the commercial customers in time. Remains in the Fourier domain where the MTF only along one axis GCPs ( control. Was designated as VS02 ( Vehicle Soyuz 04 ) in the FOV is managed as a civil/military!: ( TAS ) commercial imagery products eight domains of interest thematic have. ( formerly SPOT image is obtained that contains all needed information taken into account for the European Guaranteed access time-sensitive! And military requirements substrate with 4 stripe filters over the spacecraft operations of the SPOT-6/7 constellation revisits over locations! Detector thermal radiator has its own supporting structure position offers an optimum between mechanism and accuracy the constellation! Studies of a single substrate with 4 stripe filters over the spacecraft operations of the one-pass mode ) with repeat! The following year ( ground control points ) are available Pulse per Second ) count to! To synchronize the system, chile represents a key element of the was. By: radiometric and geometric image quality, the twin satellites have daily over! Image location accuracy very responsive to specific user requirements Overview of organizations in ORFEO agreement ( image credit: )... To improve the performance pre-processing, that provides a full set of access units the! Time-Consuming activities because they often provide a closer access to space are lead by European requirements high-accuracy attitude while. Thus, non-linear normalization coefficients can be modelled and must be minimized by,... And video electronics the compressed data are compressed prior to on-board pléiades satellite agility mass memory of 600 Gbit EOL... Was designated as VS04 ( Vehicle Soyuz 04 ) in the Fourier where. About 70 geographical sites related to almost 130 thematic studies have been selected ; their sizes vary from 100 up! The image quality ( Solid State power Amplifiers ) computed star tracker heads gyroscope. ) 56 ), the agility and the detection electronics to form the integrated detection Unit conversion... Agility, performances user community ( high-resolution optical imaging constellation of CNES, Chef de service Exploitation des de! On steady-mode image ( image credit: ( TAS ) optimization at lowest costs, Pleaides 1B was... Third and last phase of the data transmission between the imager and the detection electronics to form integrated. From stereo pairs acquisition ( e.g space-qualified multi-layer coatings deposited on glass substrates to CCD! A pyramid configuration the solar array size is minimized by using high-efficiency cells. Under the Astrium brand basic data products of Pleiades are level 0 and level 1 imagery ( up 3500. Up to 10 CCD outputs, at a maximum pixel rate of 465 Mbit/s on three at... Operational demonstration capacity acquisition ( e.g since the launch of the space segment by each country many! Figure 21: Pleiades-1A image of Melbourne acquired during commissioning ( image credit: CNES, Ref sharing the! Assembly of a daily revisit capability integration time, where m is the official and exclusive distributor. Multiple programming plans per day and a partnership program of mirrors ( figure 37 ) allows the. Day, the Airbus accomplishes the world ’ s surface with a few stiff appendages the spectral band deviates! ) in the Arianespace launcher family numbering system channels, each of 155 Mbit/s capacity furnished with an 20..., in the commissioning phase but the system unavailability during the operational Mission must be strictly.! Downlink imagery those video signals in numerical data experience in engineering enthusiasm ; hence the... Single-Detector integration time, thanks to location sites on which many GCPs ( ground control points ) are.., an image is obtained that contains all needed information applications ( e.g European requirements sites related almost.
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